Several different vaccines have been produced for human use to prevent the highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza. Some studies reported that the clinical effectiveness of influenza vaccines in older adults may be lower than in younger adults. In this study, a meta-analysis of the immunogenicity of H5N1 influenza vaccines in elderly adults was performed. Database search was conducted in EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Chinese VIP, Wanfang and CBM. A total of 3951 elderly adults from 10 articles were included in the meta-analysis. Compared to a single dose, two doses of H5N1 vaccines resulted in the higher seroconversion and seroprotection. For all groups treated with adjuvanted vaccines, there were significant increases (1.55- to 2.16-fold) in the seroconversion rates (SCRs) and seroprotection rates (SPRs) after two immunizations. Oil-in-water emulsion (OE)-adjuvanted 7.5 mug vaccine caused higher antibody responses than 3.75 mug of vaccine (SCR: risk ratio (RR) = 1.26 (1.19, 1.33); SPR: RR = 1.25 (1.14, 1.36)). Elderly adults exhibited slightly lower antibody responses only when given 7.5 mug of OE-adjuvanted vaccine (SCR: RR = 1.06 (1.01, 1.11)) than younger adults. After treatment with the 7.5 mug of OE-adjuvanted vaccines, the most commonly reported adverse events were injection site pain, swelling and erythema, with the incidence of 32%, 3% and 2%, respectively, and no serious adverse events were found. These data demonstrate that two doses of 7.5 microg of OE-adjuvanted H5N1 vaccine are well tolerated and induce a robust antibody response in elderly adults.

  • Adults
  • Older adults
  • Influenza
  • Efficacy/effectiveness
  • Safety
  • Administration