BACKGROUND: The mass vaccination of children against coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) has been frequently debated. The risk-benefit assessment of COVID-19 vaccination versus infection in children has also been debated. AIM: This systematic review looked for answers to the question "was the vaccination of our children valuable and successful?". METHODS: The search strategy of different articles in the literature was based on medical subject headings. Screening and selection were based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The search results revealed that the majority of the reported adverse events after COVID-19 vaccination in pediatrics were mild to moderate, with few being severe. Injection site discomfort, fever, headache, cough, lethargy, and muscular aches and pains were the most prevalent side effects. Few clinical studies recorded significant side effects, although the majority of these adverse events had nothing to do with vaccination. In terms of efficacy, COVID-19 disease protection was achieved in 90-95% of cases for mRNA vaccines, in 50-80% of cases for inactivated vaccines, and in 58-92% of cases for adenoviral-based vaccines in children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: Based on available data, COVID-19 immunizations appear to be safe for children and adolescents. Furthermore, multiple studies have proven that different types of vaccines can provide excellent protection against COVID-19 in pediatric populations. The efficacy of vaccines against new SARS-CoV-2 variants and the reduction in vaccine-related long-term adverse events are crucial for risk-benefit and cost-effectiveness assessments; therefore, additional safety studies are required to confirm the long-term safety and effectiveness of vaccinations in children.

  • Newborn
  • Children
  • Adolescents
  • Safety
  • Efficacy/effectiveness
  • Vaccine/vaccination
  • COVID-19