The objective of this study was to critically review the cost-effectiveness (CE) of the recombinant zoster vaccine (RZV) against herpes zoster (HZ). A literature review was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane between January 1, 2017, and February 28, 2022, and on select public healthcare agency websites to identify and collect data from CE studies comparing RZV to zoster vaccine live (ZVL) or to no vaccination. Study characteristics, inputs, and outputs were collected. The overall CE of RZV was assessed. RZV vaccination against HZ is cost-effective in 15 out of 18 studies included in the present review. Varying incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) observed may be associated with different assumptions on the duration of protection of RZV, as well as different combinations of structural and disease-related study (model) inputs driving the estimation of ICERs.

  • Adults
  • Older adults
  • Economic aspects
  • Herpes zoster