Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination is safe and efficacious to prevent persistent HPV infection, precancerous anogenital lesions and cervical cancer. However, in countries where vaccination programmes are implemented outside of schools, such as France, reaching high HPV vaccination coverage of the target population is challenging. Many studies have been performed in France to assess cognitions of general practitioners (GPs) regarding HPV vaccination. However, the evidence is not consistent about which cognitions are key. To provide a comprehensive overview, we performed a systematic review of studies conducted in France on GPs' cognitions regarding HPV vaccination and used the reasoned action approach to extract and synthesize data. The systematic search was performed up to July 2020 in Medline via PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, Embase, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, Pascal and Francis databases. Grey literature was searched for in the French Public Health Database, Cairn. Info, yahoo.fr, and Google Scholar. Twenty-five scientific publications were selected based on eligibility criteria and assessed for quality. Our qualitative synthesis highlights that although 73% of GPs report recommending HPV vaccination, up to 50% would not recommend it because of concerns, including changes in patients' health behaviours and doubts about safety and/or efficacy. GPs' injunctive norms, i.e. trust in institutional information, were shown to be associated positively with GPs' willingness to recommend HPV vaccination. Parents' fears, girls' age, and potential connection with sexuality do not seem to affect GPs' recommendations. These results will inform the development of a professional educational intervention targeting GPs in France.

  • Europe
  • France
  • Healthcare workers
  • All age groups
  • Acceptance
  • Coverage
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)