Abstract

BACKGROUND: Since introducing COVID-19 vaccines, many neurological complications such as acute transverse myelitis have been reported in the literature. This study aims to identify the clinical characteristics, radiological findings, and prognostic factors in patients with COVID-19 vaccine-associated transverse myelitis (TM). METHODS: We systematically reviewed Scopus, Pubmed, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, and preprint databases using appropriate keywords from inception till 8th April 2022. Besides, we manually searched the reference lists of the included studies and relevant previous reviews. RESULTS: We included 28 studies identifying 31 post-COVID-19 vaccination myelitis patients (17 female and 14 male). The mean age of the included patients was 52±19 years. ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine (Oxford-AstraZeneca) was the most common type of vaccine in association with myelitis (12 out of 31), followed by Pfizer (8 out of 31), Moderna (7 out of 31), Sinopharm (3 out of 31), and Janssen vaccine (1 out of 31). The myelitis occurred in 24 and 7 patients after administering the first and second dose of the vaccine, respectively. 21 and 10 patients had good recovery (Modified Rankin Score (MRS) <3 at the follow-up) and poor recovery (MRS≥3 at the follow-up) from myelitis, respectively. Age (OR 1.09, 95%CI 1.01-1.18, pvalue 0.02), and MRS at admission (OR 17.67, 95%CI 1.46-213.76, pvalue 0.024) were two independent risk factors for poor recovery from myelitis. CONCLUSION: The patients with higher age and MRS at admission had a worse prognosis and needed timely and more aggressive therapeutic strategies.

  • Adults (18+)
  • Elderly (65+)
  • Vaccine/vaccination
  • Safety
  • COVID-19