BACKGROUND: There are multiple reviews on cardiovascular aspects of COVID-19 disease on cardiovascular system in different population but there is lack of evidence about cardiovascular adverse effects of COVID vaccines. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the cardiac complications of COVID19 vaccines, based on vaccine type (mRNA, vector-based, and inactivated vaccines). METHODS: A systematic search was performed covering PubMed for English case-reports and case-series studies, and finally 100 studies were included. RESULTS: Myocarditis (with overall rate around 1.62%) was shown to be the most common post-COVID19 immunization cardiac event. More than 90% of post-COVID19 vaccination myocarditis occurred after receiving mRNA vaccines (Moderna & Pfizer-BioNTech), but the report of this event was less in the case of vector-based vaccinations and/or inactivated vaccines. Myocarditis was reported more commonly in men and following the second dose of the immunization. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) was reported after mRNA (more commonly) and vector-based vaccinations, with no case report after inactivated vaccines. When mRNA and vector-based vaccinations were used instead of inactivated vaccines, a greater frequency of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) and pulmonary emboli (PE) was reported. Myocardial infarction/cardiac arrest was recorded in those beyond the age of 75 years. CONCLUSION: The personal and public health benefits of COVID-19 vaccination much outweigh the minor cardiac risks. Reporting bias, regarding more available mRNA vaccines in developed countries, may conflict these results.

  • All age groups
  • Vaccine/vaccination
  • Safety
  • COVID-19