BACKGROUND: There have been reports suggesting an increased incidence of acute ischemic stroke among anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccinees. We aimed to systematically review the literature to summarize the available evidence on the association between SARS-CoV-2 vaccination and acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A systematic literature search on MEDLINE, LitCovid and LIVIVO databases was performed for eligible randomized controlled trials, observational studies, registries and case reports that reported on imaging-confirmed acute ischemic stroke in the context of any SARS-CoV-2 vaccination with BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, Ad26.COV2.S, ChAdOx1 or Gam-COVID-Vac. Literature search was limited to English and German languages and publication date before October 19, 2021. RESULTS: We identified a total of 395,105,670 individuals who underwent vaccination. We found 21 sources, including 2 cohort studies, 4 registry studies, 3 randomized clinical trials, and 12 case reports. Individuals included in these studies were at least 16 years old. Cari et al observed a higher likelihood of acute ischemic stroke in vaccinees aged 18-64 years, compared to Whiteley et al observing vaccinees older than 70 years when vaccinated. In addition, differences in the likelihood of acute ischemic stroke were found among the vaccines studied, although no overall increased stroke incidence was demonstrated with vaccination. CONCLUSION: In this systematic review of the available literature, we found that the risk of acute ischemic stroke does not appear to be increased in vaccinated individuals who have received any of the currently licensed SARS-CoV-2 vaccines compared with the baseline incidence of stroke.

  • Adolescents
  • Adults
  • Older adults
  • Safety
  • Vaccine/vaccination
  • COVID-19