Abstract

Background Obesity is a global disease with at least 2.8 million people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese according to the world health organization figures. This paper aims to explore the links between obesity and mortality in COVID-19. Methods Electronic search was made for the papers studying obesity as a risk factor for mortality following COVID-19 infection. Three authors independently selected the papers and agreed for final inclusion. The outcomes were the age, gender, body mass index, severe comorbidities, respiratory support and the critical illness related mortality in COVID-19. 572 publications were identified and 42 studies were selected including one unpublished study data. Only 14 studies were selected for quantitative analysis. Results All the primary points but the gender are significantly associated with COVID-19 mortality. The age>70, [odd ration(OR) :0.17,CI;95%, p-value:<0.00001], gender [OR:0.89;CI:95%,p-value: 0.32], BMI > 25 kg/m2 [OR:3.68,CI:95%, p-value:<0.003], Severe comorbidities [OR:1.84,CI:95%, P-value :<0.00001],Advanced respiratory support[OR:6.98,CI:95%, P-value:<0.00001], and Critical illness[OR:2.03. CI:95%, P-value:<0.00001]. Conclusions Patients with obesity are at high risk of mortality from COVID-19 infection.
Adults (18+) Elderly (65+) Risk group Risk factor COVID-19