OBJECTIVE: To detect changes in circulating strains of rotavirus in the Eastern Mediterranean Region post rotavirus immunization drive. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and the Cochrane Library and specific database website (Nutrition and Food Sciences) for relevant articles. Our search included websites of a number of relevant organizations in addition to gray literature search. Of the 2198 articles found, we included only 35 studies after excluding irrelevant, ineligible, duplicated, and very low-quality papers. RESULTS: Thirty pre-vaccination studies reported frequent rotavirus strains among children below 5 years of age. G1P has been identified as the most dominant type prior to vaccination in Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries. Five post-vaccination studies conducted in 3 countries (Saudi Arabia, Morocco, and Yemen) illustrated that G1P is the most prevalent strain in Saudi Arabia, and the incidence of G2P has increased from 21.6% to 33.3%. In Yemen, G1P is the most prevalent strain (87.5%), followed by G9P (57%) and G1P (18.5%). Furthermore, in Yemen, G9P were the most prevalent strains accounting to 57% and 14% in G9P, post vaccination. Finally, in Morocco, G1P was not reported 3 years post vaccination; however, incidence of G9P was reported at 67% and G2P at 33%. CONCLUSIONS: Rotavirus circulating strain prevalence in EMR countries has changed post vaccination, and G9P, G2P, and G9P have become more dominant. Proportion of rotavirus strains in these countries after vaccination has significantly reduced. There is an increase in circulating strain G2P in the post-vaccination period, which needs further monitoring.
Eastern Mediterranean Newborn (0-1 years) Children (2-9 years) Efficacy/effectiveness Rotavirus