Monitoring of progress in the establishment and strengthening of national immunization technical advisory groups

Scientific publications
Multiple regions
Original Title
Monitoring of progress in the establishment and strengthening of national immunization technical advisory groups
Philippe Duclos
Barbara Jauregui
Niyazi Cakmak
Laure Dumolard
Nihal Abeysinghe
Richard Mihigo
Liudmila Mosina
Yashohiro Takashima
Marta Gacic-Dobo
Stephanie Ortynsky
Nahad Sadr-Azodi
Cara Janusz
Elsevier - Vaccine
Publication Year


Article published in Vaccine, Volume 30, Issue 50, 26 November 2012, Pages 7147–7152. The majority of industrialized and some developing countries have established technical advisory bodies to guide and formulate national immunization policies and strategies. These are referred to as National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs), WHO and its partners have placed a high priority on assisting in the establishment or strengthening of functional, sustainable, and independent NITAGs. To enable systematic global monitoring of the existence and functionality of NITAGs, in 2010, WHO and UNICEF included related questions in the WHO–UNICEF Joint Reporting Form (JRF) that provides an official means for WHO and UNICEF to collect indicators of immunization programme performance. This paper presents the status of NITAGs based on the analysis of the 2010 JRF. Although 115 countries (64% of responders) reported having a NITAG in 2010, only 50% of countries reported the existence of a NITAG with a formal administrative or legislative basis. Despite limitations in the ability to compare 2010 JRF data with that from a 2008 global survey, it appears that substantial progress has been achieved globally over with 43 committees reporting affirmatively about six NITAG process indicators, compared with 23 in the 2008 survey. Impressive progress has been observed in the proportion of countries reporting NITAGs with formal terms of reference (24% increase), a legislative or administrative basis (10% increase), and a requirement for members to disclose their interests (14% increase). Some of the poorest developing countries now enjoy support from a NITAG which meets all six process indicators. These may serve as examples for other countries.

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